Glossary

Glossary

Joint Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula

From 1992 in which the DPRK and the Republic of Korea agree not to "test, produce, receive, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons; to use nuclear energy only for peaceful purposes; and not to possess facilities for nuclear reprocessing or uranium enrichment." In November 1991, the president of the Republic of Korea (South Korea) declared that his country would not produce, possess, store, deploy or use nuclear weapons. This declaration was a response to the decision by the United States to withdraw most of the tactical nuclear weapons deployed on the Korean Peninsula in September 1991. On 20 January 1992 the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK) and the Republic of Korea signed the Joint Declaration on the Denuclearization of the Korean Peninsula. The declaration was agreed to by both parties on 19 February 1992. In order to implement it, the two Koreas established the South-North Joint Nuclear Control Commission (JNCC). However, as the result of revelations about the DPRK’s  nuclear programme and failure to reach agreement on the reciprocal inspection regime, implementation has been stalled since 1993. The DPRK announced a nuclear test on its territory in October 2006.