Facility Agreements

Facility Agreements

THE CEMENT BETWEEN MEMBER STATES, IMS STATIONS AND THE CTBTO

What is a facility agreement?

A legal arrangement between the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and each Member State that hosts an International Monitoring System (IMS) facility. The IMS is a global network of facilities being established by the CTBTO to monitor underground, the oceans and the atmosphere for evidence of a nuclear explosion.

Why are they important?

Facility agreements help to address the entire bandwidth of issues regarding IMS facilities between the hosting Member States and the CTBTO:

Political aspects: By representing the formal commitment of a Member State to host the facility and cooperate with the CTBTO during the preparatory phase, the facility agreement helps to secure the collaboration of all relevant institutions at the national level for the installation and operation of the stations. By signing facility agreements, Member States agree to cooperate with the CTBTO in establishing, testing, operating, upgrading and maintaining IMS facilities, even before the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) has entered into force.

Legal aspects: The CTBT stipulates that while IMS stations are owned and operated by the hosting State, they are under the authority of the CTBTO (meaning that they must adhere to regulations laid out in the CTBT and developed further by the CTBTO). Issues such as ownership transfer, the conclusion of subsidiary arrangements with local operators, and granting the necessary privileges and immunities to the CTBTO and its officials are provided for in facility agreements.


Technological aspects: In order for the IMS to operate reliably, all facilities have to work in accordance with the requirements and procedures agreed on by the Treaty negotiators for the respective verification technologies (seismology, infrasound, hydroacoustics and radionuclide monitoring). Under facility agreements the host State undertakes to test, operate and maintain the facility, as well as to provide utilities and transmit monitoring data to the International Data Centre (IDC) at the CTBTO’s headquarters in Vienna, in accordance with requirements and procedures.

Operational aspects: Facility agreements help ensure coordination between the CTBTO and countries hosting IMS facilities with regard to technical visits by CTBTO staff, access to the station, the cooperation of local entities, assistance with imports and exports, notification and solving of problems, and the physical security of the facility.


How many facility agreements need to be signed?

According to the CTBT, a facility agreement needs to be concluded with each of the 89 States hosting IMS facilities. As of early 2014, facility agreements with 38 Member States (jointly hosting around 50% of all IMS facilities) have entered into force, while 8 more (another 6% of IMS facilities) have already been signed. Forty-four Member States (representing 44% of all IMS facilities) have yet to sign a facility agreement.

 

STATUS OF FACILITY AGREEMENTS

Host State Signature Entry into force
Argentina 09-DEC-1999 02-MAR-2004
Armenia    
Australia 13-MAR-2000 17-AUG-2000
Austria 17-SEP-2013 17-SEP-2013
Bangladesh    
Bolivia    
Botswana    
Brazil    
Cameroon 16-NOV-2006  
Canada 19-OCT-1998 19-OCT-1998
Cape Verde 23-NOV-2006  
Central African Republic 23-DEC-2010 31-DEC-2010
Chile 21-Feb-2014  
China    
Colombia    
Cook Islands 31-MAR-2000 14-APR-2000
Costa Rica    
Côte d’Ivoire    
Czech Republic 13-NOV-2002 20-JAN-2004
Denmark    
Djibouti    
Ecuador    
Egypt    
Ethiopia    
Fiji    
Finland 12-MAY-2000 06-JUN-2000
France 13-JUL-2001 01-MAY-2004
Gabon    
Germany    
Greece    
Guatemala 26-NOV-2002 02-JUN-2005
Iceland 13-OCT-2005 26-JAN-2006
Indonesia    
Iran    
Israel 23-SEP-2004 20-FEB-2014
Italy 29-MAR-2006  
Japan    
Jordan 11-NOV-1999 11-NOV-1999
Kazakhstan 09-SEP-2004 05-DEC-2008
Kenya 14-OCT-1999 29-OCT-1999
Kiribati    
Kuwait 17-SEP-2013  
Kyrgyzstan    
Libya    
Madagascar    
Malaysia    
Mali    
Mauritania 16-SEP-2003 17-SEP-2003
Mexico 20-OCT-2011 20-OCT-2011
Mongolia 05-JUN-2000 25-MAY-2001
Morocco    
Namibia 01-APR-2009 01-APR-2009
Nepal    
New Zealand 13-NOV-1998 19-DEC-2000
Niger 20-NOV-2000 24-NOV-2000
Norway 10-JUN-2002 10-JUN-2002
Oman 19-MAY-2004  
Pakistan    
Palau 16-APR-2002 29-APR-2002
Panama 26-NOV-2003 26-NOV-2003
Papua New Guinea    
Paraguay 4-APR-2003 27-JAN-2006
Peru 14-MAR-2001 08-JUL-2002
Philippines 14-APR-2003 08-JAN-2004
Portugal 17-FEB-2011  
Republic of Korea    
Romania 13-JUN-2003 13-OCT-2004
Russian Federation 22-MAR-2005 27-DEC-2006
Samoa    
Saudi Arabia    
Senegal 22-MAY-2001 24-MAR-2006
Solomon Islands    
South Africa 20-MAY-1999 20-MAY-1999
Spain 14-SEP-2000 12-DEC-2003
Sri Lanka 14-JUN-2000  
Sweden    
Switzerland    
Tanzania 10-DEC-2007 10-DEC-2007
Thailand    
Tunisia 11-NOV-2011 14-FEB-2014
Turkey    
Turkmenistan    
Uganda 15-JUN-2012 15-JUN-2012
Ukraine 17-SEP-1999 20-APR-2001
United Kingdom 12-NOV-1999 16-JUN-2004
United States of America    
Venezuela    
Zambia 18-SEP-2001 20-OCT-2001
Zimbabwe