East Asia Summit calls on those who have not yet acceded to CTBT to do so
The Next Steps on Nonproliferation
(U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton, Foreign Policy)
"We are also seeking ratification of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty and negotiation of a Fissile Material Cutoff Treaty. These steps will strengthen our national security and global credibility, while moving us closer to President Obama's goal of a world without nuclear weapons," affirms Clinton in an article for Foreign Policy, as she discusses the leadership role of the U.S. in the global campaign to eliminate the threat of nuclear weapons.
US for FMCT Negotiations, to Push for CTBT: Clinton
Speaking at the U.S. Institute of Peace, Clinton underscored the magnitude of the administration's desire to seek ratification of the CTBT stating "And make no mistake. Other states rightly or wrongly view American ratification of the CTBT as a sign of our commitment to the nonproliferation consensus." In describing the impact the treaty will have once it has come to fruition, Clinton added: "A test-ban treaty that has entered into force will allow the US and others to challenge states engaged in suspicious testing activities, including the option of calling on-site inspections to be sure that no testing occurs anywhere."
Nuke Negotiator: Time to Ratify Test Ban Treaty
(The Salt Lake Tribune)
"The choice is: Do we ratify [the CTBT] or do we not? I'm inclined to think we should," said Linton Brooks, former administrator of the U.S. National Nuclear Security Administration and opponent of the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty in 1999 when it was rejected by the Senate, in describing his new position on the treaty. Brooks was in Utah to assist the Healthy Environment Alliance of Utah in their campaign to get Utah Senator's Hatch and Bennett to vote in favor of the treaty when the issue is brought before the Senate again.
EAS Calls Upon India to Sign CTBT
(The Tribune India)
"We encouraged those EAS participating countries that have not acceded to the CTBT to do so as it would serve as an impetus for having a successful NPT Review Conference," pronounced the leaders at the East Asia Summit, hinting at India to sign the treaty, while meeting in Thailand to discuss matters of non-proliferation, human trafficking and other security matters within the region.
NPT and Obama: How long can India hold out?
(The Times of India)
Diplomatic editor Indrani Bagchi in an op-ed for the Times, discusses how India is feeling indirect pressure from the U.S. due to President Obama's campaign for a world without nuclear weapons. He says the "real killer" for India is the push for the entry into force of the CTBT. With U.S. ratification of the treaty, India will be pressured to make a decision on the treaty and perhaps have "little option but to sign."
India’s Stance on CTBT Could Affect its UN Chances: US Expert
"It’s reasonable for India to assume that resuming nuclear testing or not signing the CTBT could affect its chances for a permanent seat in the UNSC," said Rodney W. Jones, a former U.S. official involved in the negotiations of the original START treaty, as he met with other experts at the Observer Research Foundation. Indian Prime Minister Manmohan Singh is scheduled to visit Washington next month, with the CTBT and NPT likely to be part of the discussions.
Tokyo Welcomes News of Obama Hosting Nuclear Security Summit Prep Meeting in Japan
(Mainchi Daily News)
National Nuclear Security Administration administrator Thomas D'Agostino declared that U.S. ratification of the CTBT "would not adversely affect U.S. maintenance of its nuclear weapons," as he announced that Japan will host a preparatory meeting for an international summit on nuclear security scheduled for next spring. Dismissing concerns over the safety and reliability of the U.S. nuclear stockpile under a test ban, he stated "that the U.S. has maintained the safety of its nuclear weapons without conducting underground nuclear tests."
This Time, Ban the Test
(Jessica Mathews, The New York Times)
"Washington and its allies cannot pressure others to do what the United States won’t," remarked Jessica Mathews, President of Carnegie Endowment in referring to the need for the U.S. to ratify the CTBT. Mathews argues that past concerns over the ability to verify the treaty and safety and reliability of the U.S. stockpile have been erased and the U.S. must now follow through: taking the first step to upholding their commitment under the NPT.
Iran Brings Urgency to U.S.'s Need to Ratify Nuclear-Test Treaty
(Deepti Choubey, Carnegie Endowment)
"Proliferation threats like Iran make U.S. ratification [of the CTBT] more urgent and a smart global security strategy," said Deepti Choubey, Deputy Director of the Non-proliferation Program at the Carnegie Endowment. Choubey believes that U.S. ratification will lead to China and others following suit, thus putting pressure on Iran to ratify themselves. Ratification by Iran would be a much needed confidence building measure in assuring everyone that their nuclear intentions are peaceful.
Six Wrong-Headed Cliches about Disarmament
(Oliver Thränert, Spiegel Online)
"The greater the progress in disarmament, the easier it will be to convince previously reluctant countries at the forthcoming NPT Review Conference in May 2010 to take the measures necessary to strengthen the [NPT]," writes Oliver Thränert, a senior fellow of the German Institute for International and Security Affairs in Berlin, in describing the connection between nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. With the CTBT being an important step in disarmament,Thränert added that although U.S. ratification of the CTBT would not gaurantee the enactment of the treaty, it would increase the political pressure on others to ratify.
Global Insights: Obama Prepares to Re-engage on CTBT
(World Politics Review)
Richard Weitz, a senior fellow at the Hudson Institute in Washington, DC, discusses the challenges the Obama administration faces as it re-engages the Senate in securing ratification of the CTBT, ten years after the treaty was rejected by the Senate in 1999. Weitz states "the key issue may be the conditions senators will require for treaty ratification," referring to questions as to whether the treaty strengthens or harms U.S. national security.