27 April 2015


Excerpts of statements referring to the Comprehensive-Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and/or nuclear testing:


UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon (delivered by Deputy Secretary-General Jan Eliasson): "Instead of a Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty in force or a treaty banning the production of fissile materials for nuclear weapons, we see expensive modernization programmes that will entrench nuclear weapons for decades to come."
(full statement)


Non-Aligned Movement
- Mohammad Javad Zarif, Foreign Minister of Iran: "The improvement of existing nuclear weapons and development of new types of nuclear weapons violate the commitments undertaken by the nuclear-weapon States at the time of the conclusion of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty."
(full statement)


Jordan - Nasser Judeh, Deputy Prime Minister and Minister of Foreign Affairs and Expatriate Affairs: [From the UN translation service, original in Arabic] "We have solid relations with the CTBT. In the Dead Sea we hosted IFE14 and in cooperation with the Organization that led to finding out or discovering a region where nuclear tension[sic] was supposed to take place."
(full statement)

Sweden - Foreign Minister Margot Wallström: "We call upon the DPRK to return to the NPT and IAEA safeguards without delay, and to sign and ratify the CTBT. Sweden, through the Swedish Defense Research Agency, provides a unique capability to detect noble gases emanating from an underground nuclear explosion. The Swedish SAUNA system is installed at monitoring stations worldwide and provided for on-site inspections, as an essential contribution to the CTBT Verification Regime. The CTBT, like the IAEA safeguards system, is an integral part of the NPT regime. It is therefore natural that the State Parties are given the opportunity to hear from the CTBTO early in the General Debate."
(full statement)


Switzerland - Foreign Minister Didier Burkhalter: "We also must address the legal gaps in the nuclear regime. The Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban Treaty has still not entered into force."
(full statement)


Non-Proliferation and Disarmament Initiative - Bert Koenders, Foreign Minister of the Netherlands: "We call on all States that have not done so, to sign and ratify the CTBT."
(full statement)


Netherlands - Foreign Minister Bert Koender: "We need the determination and perseverance to build trust, step by step. Ensuring security and stability in the process. By improving transparency, by further reducing the role of nuclear weapons in doctrines, by getting the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty entered into force and by starting negotiations on a Fissile Material Cut-off Treaty."
(full statement)

Spain -  Ignacio Ybañez, Vice Minister for Foreign Affairs: "In 2016, it will be twenty years since the adoption of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT), which has not yet entered into force. Spain calls upon the countries that have not yet signed or ratified to do so as soon as possible."
(full statement)


Japan - Foreign Minister Fumio Kishida: "Furthermore, we will host the United Nations Disarmament Conference as well as a meeting of the CTBT Group of Eminent Persons in Hiroshima at the end of August...As Minister for Foreign Affairs of the only country that suffered atomic bombings, and as chair of the Conference on Facilitating the Entry into force of the CTBT that will be held in September, I reaffirm my determination to advance nuclear disarmament."
(full statement)


United States - Secretary of State John Kerry: "We have pledged not to pursue new nuclear warheads or support new military missions or military capabilities for the weapons that we do have, and we haven’t tested a nuclear weapon in 23 years. We have clearly demonstrated our commitment to abide by the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty."
(full statement)


Marshall Islands - Foreign Minister Tony deBrum: "How many in this room have personally witnessed nuclear weapons detonations?

I have - as a young boy at Likiep atoll in the northern Marshall Islands, during the time in which 67 nuclear weapons were tested between 1946 and 1958 - at an explosive scale equivalent to 1.6. Hiroshima Shots every single day, for 12 years.

When I was nine years old, I remember well the 1954 Bravo shot at Bikini atoll - the largest detonation the world had ever seen, 1000 times the power of the Hiroshima blast. It was the morning, and I was fishing with my grandfather. He was throwing the net and suddenly the silent bright flash - and then a force, the shock wave. Everything turned red - the ocean, the fish, the sky, and my grandfather's net. And we were 200 miles away from ground zero. A memory that can never be erased.

These nuclear tests were conducted during the Marshall Islands time as a United Nations Trust Territory - and many of these actions were taken, despite Marshallese objections, under UN Trusteeship Resolutions 1082 and 1493, adopted in 1954 and 1956. Those resolutions remain the only specific instances in which the United Nations has ever explicitly authorized the use of nuclear weapons.

Nuclear weapons tests have created lasting impacts on the Marshall Islands - not only a historical reality but a contemporary struggle for our basic human rights - but I have not traveled to the NPT meeting to air out any differences with our former administrating authority, the United States. The facts speak for themselves. Instead, I bring with me this moral lesson for all nations - because no one ever considered the humanitarian impacts of nuclear weapons, the Marshallese people still carry a burden which no other people or nation should ever have to bear. And this is a burden we will carry for generations to come.

...

We should further affirm that the Test Ban Treaty is vital to the NPT, recognizing that it's entry into force is essential. The Marshall Islands' own direct experience should be lesson enough for the world to firmly commit to ending nuclear testing."
(full statement)


United Kingdom - Baroness Joyce Anne Anelay, Minister of State of the Foreign and Commonwealth Office: "The   United   Kingdom deplores  the  DPRK’s  ongoing  nuclear activities and its threats of a fourth nuclear test."
(full statement)


Italy - Benedetto Della Vedova, Deputy Minister for Foreign Affairs and International Cooperation: "We  are  indeed  convinced  that  verification  and  safeguards  are  crucial  cross-cutting elements for an effective implementation of the Treaty. For this reason, taly eagerly contributes to CTBT’s International Monitoring System and fully supports the strengthening of the IAEA safeguards system, including by developing the State-level Concept."
(full statement)


Republic of Korea - Shin Dong-ik, Deputy Minister for Multilateral and Global Affairs: "[W]e have witnessed many events that run counter to the global non-proliferation efforts during this review cycle. The DPRK conducted a nuclear test in 2013, and repeatedly launched ballistic missiles.

...

Early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) remains a long-overdue homework for all of us. As part of our contribution to the CTBT Article 14 process, the ROK will host a CTBT Group of Eminent Persons meeting in Seoul on 25-26 June this year."
(full statement)


Kazakhstan - Yerzhan Ashikbayev, Deputy Minister of Foreign Affairs: "As a country that closed down the Semipalatinsk nuclear test site back in 1991 and as Co-President of the Article XIV Conference on Faciltiating the early entry into force of the Comprehensive Nuclear Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) we call on all states which have yet to sign or ratify the Treaty to do so without any precondition or delays.

We strongly believe that a voluntary moratorium on nuclear testing is not an effective alternative to a legally binding Treaty. For the Treaty to be an effective mechanism for non-proliferation, we believe all States much show the political will and provide the necessary resources to complete the verification regime under CTBT and maximize the capabilities of the Provisional Technical Secretariat.

For the goals of CTBT serves UN GA Resolution on 29 August as a International Day against nuclear tests, initiated by Kazakhstan and we call upon all states to take measures to observe this Day.

We express our deep concern over the nuclear tests conducted by the DPRK and its nuclear programme.

...

My country suffered first hand from the devastation of nuclear tests. The humanitarian imperative and will of the Kazakhstan people were the main driving forces behind the historic decision by the President of Kazakhstan Nursultan Nazarbayev to abolish nuclear weapons and to dismantle related infrastucture on our territory. We encourage further deliberations on the issue of humanitarian consequences of nuclear weapons to give a new powerful impetus to our common efforts to achieve a total ban on nuclear testing and to get rid of these deadly weapons."
(full statement)


Russia - Mikhail I. Uliyanov, Acting Head of the Delegation of the Russian Federation at the Conference: "We are deeply concerned by the lack of any tangible progress in the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-BanTreaty (СTBT) coming into force. We recall that our country ratified the CTBT in 2000, and we are working hard to make it universal both  in  bilateral  and  multilateral  formats. We  call on all States especially remaining 8 from the so called List of 44 countries whose ratification and/or signature are necessary for the CTBT to enter into force, to accede to the Treaty as soon as possible and without any preconditions."
(full statement)

 

Next: 28 April 2015