What three additional features of the Verification Regime will become activated once the Treaty enters into force?

Once the Treaty enters into force, three additional components of the Verification Regime will be activated: consultation and clarification, on-site inspections and confidence-building measures

· The consultation and clarification process is intended to clarify and resolve matters concerning possible non-compliance with the Treaty’s basic obligations. 

· On-site inspections are used to determine whether a nuclear weapon test or any other nuclear explosion has been carried out and to collect evidence that might assist in identifying any potential violator.

· Confidence-building measures help to resolve compliance concerns arising from possible misinterpretation of verification data relating to chemical explosions (e.g. large mining explosions) and assisting in the calibration of stations that are part of the IMS.

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