Further reading

Abylkassimova, Z. et al. (2000)
Nested case-control study of leukemia among a cohort of persons

Arnold, L. and Smith, M. (2006)
Britain, Australia and the Bomb
: The Nuclear Tests and their Aftermath

Australian Government, Australian Institute of Criminology. Australian studies in law, crime and justice.
Chapter 16: A toxic legacy: British nuclear weapons testing in Australia.

Australian Government, Australian Radiation Protection and Nuclear Safety Agency.

Ionising Radiation and Health

Australian Government, National Archives of Australia

Fact sheet 129 - British Nuclear Tests at Maralinga

Barrillot, B. (1996)
Les essais nucléaires français 1960-1996:conséquences sur l'environnement et la santé.
Centre de Documentation et de Recherche sur la Paix et les Conflits, Lyon, France.

Barrillot, B. et al. (November 2007)
The Aftermath of French Nuclear Testing in Algeria. Damoclès, no. 121. Observatoire des Armements/CDRPC. Translated from French into English by Robert M. Davis.
English version available at:

Ball, H. (1986)
Justice Downwind: America's Atomic Testing Program in the 1950s. Oxford University Press, New York

Bataille, C. and Revol, H. (5 February 2002)
Les incidences environnementales et sanitaires des essais nucléaires effectués par la France entre 1960 et 1966 et éléments de comparaison avec les essais des autres puissances nucléaires. Report of the Parliamentary Office of Evaluation of Scientific and Technological Choices, National Assembly, no. 3571
Available at www.assemblee-nationale.fr/.

BBC news report (5 June 2009)
Nuclear test veterans can sue MoD

Beadell, L (1967)

Blast The Bush.

Brownlee J. (1996)
Mururoa: Women and Nuclear Testing in the Pacific. Feminist Review, No. 52, The World Upside Down: Feminisms in the Antipodes. pp. 50-52.

Carlsen, T.M. et al. (2001)
U.S. Department of Energy and Lawrence Livermore National Laboratory.  Radionuclide Contamination at Kazakhstan’s Semipalatinsk Test Site: Implications on Human and Ecological Health. Published in Human and Ecological Risk Assessment: An International Journal, Volume 7, Issue 4 June 2001, pages 943-955

Chikhi L. (4 March 2010)
French nuclear tests in Algeria leave toxic legacy. Reuters Online News

Cochran T. et al. (1989)

Soviet Nuclear Weapons.  Nuclear Weapons Databook Volume IV, Natural Resources Defense Council [New York, Harper & Row]

Cross, R. T. and Hudson, A. (2005)
Beyond belief : the British bomb tests : Australia's veterans speak out.

Crouch, P/ et al. (2009)
Assessment of radiation doses to Australian participants in British nuclear tests. Oxford Journals. Volume 136. Issue 3.

Danielsson B. (March 1990)
Poisoned Pacific: The legacy of French nuclear testing. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

El-annabi.com (21 May 2009)
Essais nucléaires français au sud de l’Algérie,

France 24 (24 March 2009)
Four decades of French testing

Gizewsk, P. (1995).
Military Activity and Environmental Security: The Case of Radioactivity in the Arctic. Environmental Security and Quality after Communism. Boulder: Westview Press, p. 31.

Gusev, B.I. et al. (1998)
The Semipalatinsk nuclear test site: a first analysis of solid cancer incidence (selected sites) due to test-related radiation. Radiation and Environmental Biophysics. Volume 37, Number 3, pp. 203-214.

Holdstock, D. and Barnaby, F. (2003)
The British Nuclear Weapons Programme 1952 – 2002

International Atomic Energy Agency
Nuclear Tests in French Polynesia: Could Hazards Arise?

International Atomic Energy Agency. (2005)
Radiological Conditions at the French Former Nuclear Test Sites in Algeria: Preliminary Assessment and Recommendations

International Atomic Energy Agency
Radiological Conditions at the [Semipalatinsk] Test Site: Preliminary assessment and recommendations for further study

International Physicians for the Prevention of Nuclear War and the Institute for Energy and Environmental Research.

Radioactive Heaven and Earth: The health and environmental effects of nuclear weapons testing in, on, and above the earth, Apex Press/Zed Books. 1991.

International Programme on Chemical Safety - Environmental Health Criteria 25

Kassenova, T. (28 September 2009)
The lasting toll of Semipalatinsk's nuclear testing. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Kazakh Scientific Research Institute for Radiation Medicine and Ecology and the Shimkent Medical University in Kazakhstan (1998)
Radiation and Environmental Biophysics, Volume 37.

Levy Guyer, R. (September 2001)
Radioactivity and Rights: Clashes at Bikini Atoll. American Journal of Public Health, Vol 91, No. 9.

Logachev V. A. and Matushchenko A. M. (Winter/Spring 2000)

The Current Impact of Past Nuclear Testing on Novaya Zemlya.  Russian Conservation News, No. 22,  pp 23-24

Lyon, J.L. (September 1999)

Nuclear Weapons Testing and Research Efforts to Evaluate Health Effects on Exposed Populations in the United States, Epidemiology, Vol. 10, No. 5. pp. 557-560.

Makhijani, A (July/August 2005)
A Readiness to Harm: The Health Effects of Nuclear Weapons Complexes. Arms Control Association.

Makhijani, A. and Ortmeyer, P. (November/December 1997)
Worse Than We Knew. The Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists.

Merali, z. (2009)
Did China's Nuclear Tests Kill Thousands and Doom Future Generations? Scientific American Magazine

Mountbatten Centre for International Studies
British Nuclear History 

National Cancer Institute, National Institutes of Health
History of the Nevada Test Site and Nuclear Testing Background

National Cancer Institute Study. (1997).
Estimating Thyroid Doses of I-131 Received by Americans From Nevada Atmospheric Nuclear Bomb Tests

National Nuclear Center of the Republic of Kazakhstan

Nuclear Files.
Health and Environmental Effects of the Production and
Testing of Nuclear Weapons

Nuclear Threat Initiative.
China Profile: Nuclear Overview

Parkinson, A. (2002)

Maralinga: The Clean-Up of a Nuclear Test Site

Radu S.(7 May 2006)
What lies beneath: Assessing the Impact of France's Nuclear Tests. Harvard International Review

Report by the French Senate: Les Essais Nucléaires

Ruff, T.  1989
Ciguatera in the Pacific: a link with military activities.Lancet, vol. 1, no. 8631, pp. 201-205.

Ruff, T. (March 1990).
Bomb tests attack the food chain. Bulletin of the Atomic Scientists

Russ, A. et al. (2005)
Native American Exposure to 131Iodine from Nuclear Weapons Testing in Nevada: Human and Ecological Risk Assessment. Volume 11, Issue 5, October 2005. Pages 1047 – 1063.

Simon, S.L. et al. (2006)
2004 Update of Dosimetry for the Utah Thyroid Cohort Study. Radiation Research: Official Journal of the Radiation Research Society. Volume 165, Issue 2. pp. 208-222.

Stegnar, P. and Wrixon, T. (April 1998)
Semipalatinsk revisited: radiological evaluation of the former nuclear test site. IAEA BULLETIN

Suter K. (1995)
The resumption of French nuclear testing. Medicine, Conflict and Survival, Volume 11. Issue 4. pp. 223 — 229

The Atomic Archive
The Effects of Nuclear Weapons

The Independent (22 April 2009)
Nuclear test veterans to get health inquiry

The Nuclear Weapon Archive
A Guide to Nuclear Weapons

The Royal British Legion (2008)
Nuclear test veterans seek silver lining

Toohey, B.  (1978)
Maralinga Issue Raises Defence Dept. Question. Australian Financial Review 13 October, p. 7.

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (2006)
Report Volume 1: Effects of Ionizing Radiation

United Nations Scientific Committee on the Effects of Atomic Radiation (2008)
Report to the General Assembly with Scientific Annexes. Volume 1. Sources and effects of ionizing radiation.

United States Nuclear Regulatory Commission Technical Training Center.
Biological Effects of Radiation. Reactor Concepts Manual.

U.S. Department of Energy. (1994)
United States Nuclear Tests, July 1945 through September 1992. Report DOE/NV-209 (re v. 14)

Utah Department of Environmental Quality
Fallout Effects: Impact of Radiation from Aboveground Nuclear Tests on Southern Utah

Valatx J.L.
Conséquences sur la santé des essais nucléaires français: Résultats sur 1800 questionnaires.

Voilleque, P. G. (August 1986)
Initial Retention by Vegetation of I-131 in Wet Depositions of Fallout. Report prepared for the National Cancer Institute; Bethesda, Maryland.

Wrenn, M. E. et al. (November 1992)
Evaluation of residual radioactivity in human tissues associated with weapons testing at the Nevada Test Site. Defense Nuclear Agency report DNA 001-TR-91-166

Zaghlami L. (3 March 2010)
French nuclear tests haunt Algeria. Africa Review