12 November 2008 - Page 2
Tsunami Arrangement signed with Indonesia
On the same day as the workshop, a Tsunami Warning Arrangement was signed between Indonesia and the CTBTO, which will help Indonesian authorities to issue tsunami warnings earlier than before. The Arrangement was signed by Tóth and the President of the Meteorological and Geophysical Agency of Indonesia (BMG), Sri Woro B. Harijono, see CTBTO press release.
Tóth underlined that facilities making up the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty’s (CTBT) International Monitoring System (IMS) send “the speediest, most reliable and highest quality data” especially compared to information transmitted by other organizations, stating that “within 30 seconds, around 90 percent of the information reaches the tsunami warning centre in Jakarta.”
“The [CTBTO’s] International Monitoring System sends the
speediest, most reliable and highest quality data (…) within
30 seconds, around 90 percent of the information reaches
the tsunami warning centre.”
CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Toth
Inauguration of Indonesian Tsunami Early Warning System
Tóth also attended a ceremony marking the establishment of the Indonesia Tsunami Early Warning System (Ina TEWS) in Jakarta on 11 November 2008, at which the President of the Republic of Indonesia, Mr. Susilo Bambang Yudhyono, was also present, see BMG press release. Ina TEWS is one of the tsunami warning organizations in the region that receives measuring data from the CTBTO’s IMS. Ambassador Cotan explained that the "effectiveness of that system in detecting earthquakes and providing early warning on tsunamis has been ensured through the scientific and civil capabilities contributed by the CTBTO (...) That is only one way nations can benefit from the implementation of the CTBT."
Together with the United Nations Educational, Scientific and Cultural Organization (UNESCO), the CTBTO has been providing real-time and continuous data on a test basis to four tsunami warning centres since March 2005, increasing their ability to identify earthquakes that could produce tsunamis and enabling them to provide faster warnings. Bilateral arrangements have also been formalized with Japan, Australia, the Philippines and the United States.
Indonesia’s strong support for the CTBT
Indonesia hosts six monitoring stations of the CTBTO’s IMS. All six are auxiliary seismic stations such as station AS43 in Parapat in Northern Indonesia. Four of these stations have already been established and certified, with the remaining two under construction. Indonesia has also shown strong support for the CTBT byfor example, attending previous Article XIV-Conferences aimed at facilitating the Treaty’s entry into force and by fully meeting its financial obligations to the CTBTO.
Indonesia has announced that it is undertaking “serious preparations for ratification of the CTBT." As one of the nine remaining Annex 2 States whose ratification is precondition for the Treaty to enter into force, Indonesia’s ratification could instill new momentum into the process of the CTBT’s entry into force.
The other countries that have yet to ratify are China, DPRK, Egypt, India, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States.
The president-elect of the United States, Barack Obama, has repeatedly stated his support for ratification of the Treaty by the United States.
"Just as I will work with the US Senate to secure ratification
of the CTBT at the earliest practical date, I will prioritise
diplomatic efforts with India and Pakistan to encourage them
to move beyond their moratorium on nuclear testing toward
the ratification of the treaty."Barack Obama, President-elect of the United States