ISS Publication, Science for Security, Now Available Online
CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth Congratulates U.S. President Barack Obama on Winning Nobel Peace Prize
"The road towards achieving nuclear disarmament that President Barack Obama has chosen to travel can be an arduous path. This recognition by the Nobel Committee of the President’s efforts can only strengthen his resolve," said CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth upon congratulating the U.S. President for winning the Nobel Peace Prize. The Nobel Committee awarded the President the prize for "his extraordinary efforts to strengthen international diplomacy and co-operation between peoples" and his "vision of and work for a world without nuclear weapons".
Read more articles on the announcement of President Obama winning the Nobel Peace Prize below.
The International Scientific Studies Conference Publication, Science for Security, is Now Available Online
The ISS publication provides several articles written by prominent scientists such as Lynn Sykes and Paul G. Richards from the Lamont-Doherty Earth Observatory at Columbia University, Anders Ringbom of the Swedish Defence Research Agency and Evgeny Avrorin of the Russian Academy of Sciences. The authors examine themes covered at the International Scientific Studies (ISS) Conference that took place in Vienna in June 2009. Themes include the detection and location capabilities of the CTBT verification regime and synergies that exist between the different verification technologies.
U.S., Russia Must Lead on Arms Control
(Brent Scowcroft, Strobe Talbott, Nicholas Burns, and Joseph Nye, Politico)
"The CTBT is especially important to the goal of reducing nuclear weapons. Its ratification by the U.S. and eight other holdout countries will considerably strengthen the global nonproliferation regime in numerous ways," write Scowcroft, Talbott, Burns, and Nye, all former U.S. administrators under Republican and Democratic presidents. Recognizing 13 October 2009 as the 10 year mark of the rejection of the CTBT by the U.S. Senate, they discuss the leadership role the U.S., in partnership with Russia, must take in strengthening the non-proliferation regime.
Representatives Stress Importance of CTBT at U.N. First Committee Meeting
(United Nations Press Release)
State representatives of the United Nations Disarmament Committee stressed the growing challenges to the nuclear non-proliferation regime during the second day of its general debate on disarmament and international security. One of the challenges specified was the inability to bring the CTBT into force, which "continued to weaken the disarmament and non-proliferation regimes and undermined the international community’s quest for a world free of nuclear weapons."
Click on the following links to read the full statements from China and the United States at the debate.
Learning From the 1999 Vote on the Nuclear Test Ban Treaty
(Daryl Kimball, Arms Control Association)
"Moving forward on the CTBT remains an essential step toward restoring confidence in the beleaguered nuclear Non-proliferation Treaty (NPT) regime. The Nuclear weapon states’ commitment to achieve the CTBT was a crucial part of the bargain that won the indefinite extension of the NPT in 1995 and the 2000 NPT Review Conference document," states Daryl Kimball, executive director of the Arms Control Association, in his latest article in Arms Control Today. The article highlights the importance of U.S. ratification of the CTBT, the events that led up to the 1999 U.S. Senate debacle, and analyzes the current political challenges for securing U.S. ratification of the Treaty.
The CTBT’s Importance for U.S. National Security
(Deepti Choubey, Carnegie Endowment)
"If the United States is to credibly reclaim its leadership position in preventing the further spread and use of nuclear weapons, taking steps like ratifying the CTBT will start to create the conditions by which other Non-nuclear weapon States, particularly more skeptical members of the non-aligned movement, would be willing to consider additional non-proliferation obligations," says Choubey, deputy director of Carnegie's non-proliferation program, in a video describing the role of the CTBT in relation to President Obama's goal of a world free of nuclear weapons.
India’s Nuclear Treaties Dilemma
(Rahul K. Bhonsle , Wall Street Journal)
"...nuclear winds may possibly edge [India] into the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and eventually NPT despite apprehensions about the yield of the thermonuclear test in May 1998," writes Bhonsle, editor for South Asia Security Trends, in an opinion editorial for the Wall Street Journal. Because of President Obama's resolve to eliminate nuclear weapons, Bhonsle believes India will slowly be impelled to change their stance on the CTBT and NPT and join these treaties.