Two More States to Ratify Test-Ban Treaty

Non-proliferation and disarmament conference reaches consensus

The 2010 NPT Review Conference reached consensus and adopted a final document.

After four weeks of intense negotiations, 189 countries agreed on the final document of the 2010 Review Conference of the Parties to the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT). “This is crucial for reinvigorating multilateralism in general and nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament in particular,” said Tibor Tóth, the Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty Organization (CTBTO). 


Read the CTBTO highlight here and the CTBTO press release here. Find the NPT final document here.

Two More States to Ratify Test-Ban Treaty

Diplomats from Trinidad and Tobago and the Central African Republic with UN representatives.

The Central African Republic and Trinidad and Tobago deposited their CTBT instruments of ratification with the United Nations on 26 May 2010. “Ratification by the two nations shows the significance of the role that every single state has to play in creating and sustaining momentum in favor of this treaty,” said Tibor Tóth, head of the CTBTO.


Read more on the CTBTO Newsroom here and more reporting here.

Mohammed Loulichki, ambassador of Morocco to the United Nations in New York.

CTBT ratification in the Middle East, Morocco demands at UN event

“The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) should be ratified by all countries in the Middle East as a confidence and security building measure. This would lead to more security for all,” Mohammed Loulichki, Morocco’s Ambassador to the UN in New York, told participants at a CTBT workshop on 10 May 2010 on the sidelines of the NPT Review Conference.


Read the CTBTO highlight here.

CTBTO reviews the outcomes of ISS09, offering inspiration for S&T2011

Following from the International Scientific Studies (ISS) Conference from 10 to 12 June 2009, the CTBTO is now undertaking an in-depth review of the scientific outcomes, with particular emphasis on relating these to CTBTO’s verification obligations. This will assist the CTBTO in its ongoing efforts to improve the verification regime and to enhance its technical capabilities. It will also help to focus priorities for the Science and Technology 2011 Conference (S&T 2011), which will take place in Vienna from 8 to 10 June 2011.


Read the CTBTO highlight here.

Strengthened role of the wider scientific community in building test-ban verification

Presenting the objectives of S&T 2011.

“We have tried to build upon the momentum from the International Scientific Studies Conference  in 2009 when planning for the follow-up event, the Science and Technology 2011,” Lassina Zerbo, the director of the International Data Centre (IDC) of the CTBTO told an audience on 31 May 2010. “The wider scientific community can help us,” Zerbo said.


Read the CTBTO highlight here.

New CTBTO test facility opens in Austria

The Conrad Observatory is named after seismologist and climatologist Victor Conrad.

A new testing facility at the Conrad Observatory in Austria to improve the tools used to monitor the planet for nuclear explosions was opened by the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization (CTBTO) on Wednesday, 2 June 2010. "This is also the opportunity to highlight the importance of infrasound science and technology for nuclear test verification," Federico Guendel, director of the International Monitoring System (IMS) of the CTBTO, said at the opening ceremony.


More reporting here, a CTBTO Media Advisory here, and a CTBTO Fact Sheet here.

Banning nuclear explosions protects the environment

Building Infrasound station IS36 on New Zealand’s Chatham Island without heavy machinery.

The end of nuclear explosions will make a tremendous contribution to protecting the environment. Over 2000 nuclear tests were carried out on our planet since 1945,  with devastating effects for the environment. The CTBTO has also been considering environmental aspects when building its stations, which are part of a tool set to monitor compliance with the ban on nuclear testing once the Treaty enters into force.


Read the CTBTO highlight here.

Creating the "buy-in" to strengthen arms control and disarmament

Capacity building is needed to strengthen nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament.

To cope with mounting nuclear challenges, the next generation of diplomats and policymakers needs to better understand the scientific and political complexities, the annual meeting of the Academic Council of the United Nations was told on 4 June 2010, at the Vienna International Centre.


Read more here.

Morocco to host workshop in October to promote CTBT in Africa

Morocco will host a workshop in October to promote the CTBT and its goals among African countries, Morocco's permanent representative to the UN, Ambassador Mohamed Loulichki, said on 11 May 2010 in New York.


Read more here.

Letter to the Editor: Nuclear Test Ban Treaty

Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon with Sergio de Queiroz Duarte, High Representative for Disarmament.

"Your welcome editorial about the Nuclear Nonproliferation Treaty identified several issues that are being addressed at the treaty’s Review Conference, now under way at the United Nations. These were all very relevant. One facet, however, was missing: the importance and urgency of the entry into force of the CTBT," wrote Sergio Duarte, the United Nations high representative for disarmament affairs, and Tibor Tóth in the New York Times.


Read more here.

Utah Republican candidates support N-weapons testing

Mike Lee talks to Tim Bridgewater and his wife after a debate in Utah.

In Utah, U.S., both Republican Senate candidates, Mike Lee and Tim Bridgewater, say they would support a resumption of underground nuclear weapons tests, presumably in Nevada, to help modernize the nation's weapons stockpile. Democratic Senate candidate Sam Granato blasts his potential Republican opponents, saying he will be "on the front lines" of the fight to ban weapons tests.


More reporting here, here, and here. Analysis here and here.



Banning Nuclear Tests

The United States belongs to the remaining nine countries whose ratification is essential for the CTBT entry into force.

"Throughout May 2010, a review of the treaty on the non-proliferation  of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) is taking place at the United Nations,  where its nearly 200 parties are considering the treaty's state  of health and ways to eliminate nuclear weapons. This follows  intense activity last month, in which the United States took  important steps toward this goal. So it's crucial that the next  important step not be missed: fully implementing the CTBT. This requires U.S. ratification," writes Pierce Corden in Science Magazin.


Read more here.

Ban nuclear tests in Middle East

"Countries should seize the moment to promote a nuclear-test-free zone in the Middle East. States would agree to ratify the comprehensive test ban treaty – a global ban on nuclear tests – within an agreed period of time. As a practical confidence-building measure, this initiative would decouple resolution of the Arab-Israeli conflict and other regional disputes from reducing the risks of nuclear escalation and proliferation," write Pierre Goldschmidt and Nima Gerami in the Guardian.


Read more here.

Top diplomat Hans Blix strives for world peace

"Today the most urgent thing is to go into effect the test ban treaty and there we need the ratification by the US and by China, and by Israel, Iran and Egypt, and a few other countries," Hans Blix, the former director of the International Atomic Energy Agency, told People's Daily Online.


Read more here.