U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton to Speak at Article XIV Conference
Foreign Ministers Underline the Importance of the Entry into Force of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT)
"Thirteen years after it opened for signature, it is time the Treaty came into force," says French Foreign Minister Bernard Kouchner, who calls on those States whose ratification is necessary for the Treaty's entry into force to ratify it. He is joined in his appeal by the Swedish Foreign Minister Carl Bildt, who states that ratifications by the United States and China "could spark a positive chain reaction." Their full remarks along with articles by other high-profile political figures, senior political analysts and well-respected scientists can be found in the latest issue of Spectrum.
CTBT Conference – Important Window of Opportunity
There is an "important window of opportunity" to bring the CTBT closer to entry into force, stated the two coordinators of the upcoming CTBT conference, Ambassador Florence Mangin of France and Ambassador Omar Zniber of Morocco. Mangin and Zniber remarked on the new and positive atmosphere ahead of this year's conference, which will take place in New York on 24 and 25 September 2009. They stressed that encouraging signals were coming from remaining States whose ratification is necessary for the Treaty's entry into force.
U.S. Nuclear Security Administrator D'Agostino Visits the CTBTO
Thomas D’Agostino, U.S. Administrator for Nuclear Security, reiterated in a press briefing in Vienna on 15 September 2009 that U.S. President Obama's commitment to the CTBT "has been very clear." D'Agostino visited the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear Test-Ban-Treaty Organization (CTBTO) and aquainted himself with the CTBT verification regime. He also informed the gathering about a U.S. National Academy of Sciences' study that will help the United States to determine “what it takes to ratify a comprehensive test ban treaty.”
Hillary Clinton Will Speak at CTBT Conference
(The White House)
U.S. Secretary of State Hillary Clinton will represent the United States at the conference to promote the CTBT to be held in New York from 24 to 25 September, according to a White House announcement on 15 September 2009. Participation by the United States in the conference, its first since 1999, reaffirms the Obama Administration's commitment to "support the CTBT and to work with other nations to map out a comprehensive diplomatic strategy to secure the Treaty's entry into force."
US Drafts UN Resolution Urging Nuclear Disarmament
The United States has drafted a UN Security Council resolution calling on all countries with nuclear weapons to abandon them. The draft resolution will be debated at the upcoming UN Security Council meeting on nuclear non-proliferation and disarmament. The meeting which will take place in New York on 24 September 2009, will be chaired by U.S. President Barack Obama. The draft resolution urges "all states to refrain from conducting a nuclear test explosion and to join the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty, thereby bringing the treaty into force."
UN Secretary-General: The World Is Over-Armed and Peace Is Under-Funded
"The world is over-armed and peace is under-funded," UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-Moon said at a conference on peace and development in Mexico City on 9 September 2009. Stating that disarmament must be rooted in legal obligations, he encouraged conference participants to "reach out to those countries that have not yet acceded to the CTBT and urge them to do so without further delay."
Parliamentary Group Presses Obama on Nuclear Policy
A group of UK parliamentarians called on U.S. President Obama "to prove through actions rather than just words" his commitment to nuclear disarmament. The UK Parliamentarians for Multilateral Nuclear Disarmament and Non-Proliferation met with U.S. officals to discuss nuclear policies of the Obama Administration. If Obama was not able to win CTBT ratification in the U.S. Senate, the group maintained, he "would face major challenges in convincing the rest of the world to freeze their nuclear weapons programs."
Former Dy NSA Wants India to Sign CTBT
As the Indidan discussion on the interpretation of the 1998 Pohkran-II nuclear test results and the need for renewed nuclear testing continues, there are new calls urging India to join the CTBT. Former Indian deputy national security advisor Satish Chandra declared recently that "India must sign the Comprehensive Test Ban Treaty (CTBT) and push other nations to sign and ratify it." Chandra recalled that India is one of those States whose ratification is needed for the Treaty to enter into force.