Issue 20: July 2013

Issue 20: July 2013

In this 20th issue, the Foreign Minister of Iraq, Hoshyar Zebari, reports on the steps taken by the Iraqi parliament towards ratification of the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) and the importance Iraq attaches to promoting the Treaty’s entry into force. Ambassador Thomas Pickering, who helped the Kennedy administration draft the Partial Test Ban Treaty, describes why the case for ratification of the CTBT by the United States is stronger than ever. Zia Mian from Princeton University focuses on the role of civil society in South Asia in advocating nuclear disarmament.

Columbia University’s Paul Richards explains the seismic findings of the nuclear test announced by North Korea on 12 February; we also elaborate on the radionuclide findings almost two months later. Astronomer Margaret Campbell-Brown from the University of Western Ontario explains how CTBTO data have helped us understand the characteristics of the meteor over the Ural mountains on 15 February. Anders Ringbom and Anders Axelsson of the Swedish Defense Research Agency describe the key role played by noble gas detection systems in responding to the Fukushima nuclear accident in March 2011 and some of the lessons learned.

This issue also features an interview with CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth in which he discusses a range of issues related to nuclear non-proliferation, including the main challenges and achievements during his eight years as head of the organization.

Finally, the paintings by Elin O’Hara Slavick from the University of North Carolina at Chapel Hill on the cover and inside Spectrum 20 illustrate the power of art in educating and communicating political messages.

Editorial 2 [PDF]
CTBT signatures and ratifications
as of 12 July 2013
3 [PDF]
The CTBT: One of the most important international instruments
by Hoshyar Zebari, Iraq's Foreign Minister
4 [PDF]
U.S. leadership needed to prevent nuclear testing by North Korea
by Thomas R. Pickering, former U.S. Under Secretary of State for Political Affairs
7 [PDF]
Wanted: An end to nuclear nationalism in South Asia but the public mood for peace needs international support
by Zia Mian, Research Scientist, Princeton University, USA
10 [PDF]
CTBT: Science and Technology - Photo Highlights 14 [PDF]
Face to Face with CTBTO Executive Secretary Tibor Tóth:
Looking back, looking forward
16 [PDF]
Certified International Monitoring System facilities
as of 12 July 2013
21 [PDF]
Seismic Detective Work: CTBTO monitoring system ‘very effective’
in detecting North Korea’s third nuclear test

Interview with Paul Richards, Special Research Scientist , Columbia University, USA
22 [PDF]
Detection of radioactive gases consistent with North Korean test underlines strength of CTBTO monitoring system 26 [PDF]
The noble gas releases from Fukushima: Some implications and reflections
by Anders Axelsson and Anders Ringbom, Swedish Defense Research Agency
27 [PDF]
The Chelyabinsk meteor: Massive blast detected by 17 infrasound stations
Interview with Margaret Campbell-Brown, Astronomer, University of Western Ontario, Canada
32 [PDF]
Art and Nuclear Testing
Featuring Elin O'Hara Slavick, Art Professor, University of North Carolina, USA
34 [PDF]