Page 2: 1996: CTBT: A long-sought success
The "end game" cont.
This marked the first time in history that the CD failed to adopt a Treaty text that it had been mandated to negotiate. Delegations who supported the Treaty and were unwilling to watch countless hours of intense negotiations amount to nothing sought means with which to save the Treaty from indefinite delay.
On 22 August 1996, Belgium submitted the final CTBT Text to the CD as a national paper. Therefore, the Treaty became an official CD document. This allowed the CD to forward the Treaty to the United Nations General Assembly.
Australia, along with 127 co-sponsors, introduced a resolution containing the Treaty text to the General Assembly on 9 September. The General Assembly voted 158 in favour of the Treaty on 10 September 1996, with three countries against (Bhutan, India and the Libyan Arab Jamahiriya) and five abstentions (Cuba, Mauritius, the Syrian Arab Republic, Lebanon and the United Republic of Tanzania).
The CTBT was opened for signature on 24 September 1996 and signed that same day by 71 States, including all five Nuclear Weapon States, China, France, the Russian Federation, the United Kingdom and the United States.
The Depositary of the Treaty, United Nations Secretary-General Boutros Boutros-Ghali, formally opened the Treaty for signature on 24 September 1996. Following the United States, the other four nuclear weapon states, China, France, the United Kingdom and the Russian Federation all signed the Treaty that day in New York. By the end of the day, another 66 States had signed the Treaty and taken the first steps towards making the commitment never to conduct nuclear tests of any kind anywhere on Earth.
Thus, in September 1996, the CTBT began its long journey towards becoming a globe spanning, legally binding Treaty.
1996-97: Creating the CTBTO Preparatory Commission