2010: Fifth Joint Ministerial Statement
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The Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban Treaty (CTBT) marked its 14th anniversary on 24 September 2010. Since opening for signature in 1996, the CTBT now enjoys near-universal support: as of September 2010, 182 States have signed it and 153 have also ratified.
On the eve of its anniversary, foreign ministers of Member States convened a meeting to promote the Treaty’s entry into force at the United Nations in New York. The fifth of its kind, the biennial meeting was convened by Australia, Canada, Finland, France, Japan, Morocco, and the Netherlands. Over 70 countries participated, of which 24 were represented at the ministerial level.
“We commit ourselves individually and together to make the Treaty a focus of attention at the highest political level and to take measures to facilitate the signature and ratification process as recommended in the 2010 NPT Review Conference Final Document,” declared the foreign ministers attending the meeting in a joint Ministerial Statement.
To date, 62 countries have endorsed the Ministerial Statement and the number is expected to increase by the end of the year when the Statement is submitted to the United Nations General Assembly.
At the five yearly review of the Treaty on the Non-Proliferation of Nuclear Weapons (NPT) in May 2010, nearly 190 States affirmed the vital importance of the entry into force of the CTBT as a core element of the disarmament and non-proliferation regime, Tibor Tóth, Executive Secretary of the Preparatory Commission for the Comprehensive Nuclear-Test-Ban-Treaty Organization (CTBTO), told the meeting.
Press briefing by Ban Ki-moon and Kevin Rudd
“It is high time to translate political will into concrete action,” Tóth said. “We do not have the luxury of time. Our action, or lack thereof, will define how our security will look for decades to come.”
UN Secretary-General Ban Ki-moon told journalists in a press briefing with Kevin Rudd, Australia’s Minister of Foreign Affairs and Chair of the meeting: “The path toward nuclear disarmament means an end to nuclear test explosions and an end to the development of nuclear weapons.”
He urged all governments that have not yet done so to sign and ratify the CTBT without further delay and repeated his call for the international community to bring the Treaty into force by 2012.
The global community must aim for a world in which the CTBT is honoured by all, Australian Foreign Minister Kevin Rudd told journalists.
“We believe that the national security interests of not only the U.S., its allies and friends, but of the world at large would be enhanced by this Treaty coming into force,” Rudd said.
Remaining nine ratifications urged
The CTBT is only nine ratifications shy of entering into force. Endorsements by China, the Democratic People’s Republic of Korea (DPRK), Egypt, India, Indonesia, Iran, Israel, Pakistan and the United States will bring it into force. These countries belong to a group of 44 nuclear technology holder States listed under Annex 2 of the Treaty whose ratification is mandatory for it to enter into force. Indonesia announced in May that it had initiated the ratification process of the Treaty.
“Our primary challenge remains unchanged: to ensure that the remaining nine Annex 2 States who have not yet ratified do so without further delay. The United States has an important leadership role to play in this regard,” Ireland’s Minister of Foreign Affairs, Micheál Martin said at the Meeting.
The United States, which was represented for the first time in the Ministerial meeting, reaffirmed its commitment to secure U.S. ratification of the CTBT.
“The successful entry into force of the CTBT remains an essential milestone along the road to achieving President Obama’s vision of a world free of nuclear weapons,” said the United States.
The United States went on to say that while the Obama administration is confident that the Senate will vote to ratify the Treaty once the full facts have been presented, it is important to “undertake the research and analysis needed to evaluate the complex issues raised by the Treaty” so that senators’ concerns may be properly addressed enabling them to “make a fully informed decision when the Treaty is taken to a vote.”